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UPDATED MONTHLY- NEW INFORMATION
February-Dental Month 15% off all dental procedures and products
More than 85% if dogs and cats older than four years have periodontal concerns. There are four peridontal types of tissue" the gingiva (gum), cementum, peridontal ligament, and alveloar supporting bone.
Periodontal disease starts when plaque forms: plaque is a transparent adhesive fluid composed of mucin, sloughed epothelial cells and aerobic, and gram positive cocci. Plaque starts forming two days after dental cleaning. If the plaque is not removed, mineral salts in the food can percipitate to form hard dental calculus. The calculus is irritating to the gingival tissue, changing the ph of the mouth and allowing bacteria to survive subgngivally. By-products of these bacteria "eat away" at the tooth's support structures, eventually causing the tooth to be lost in some cases.
These are two common grading systems commonly used to classify the degree of peridontal disease. The mobility index evaluates the looseness of the tooth. With class I mobility, the tooth moves slightly. Class II is when a tooth moves less than the distance of iths crown width. With Class III mobility the tooth moves a distance greater than its crown width. With Class III teeth have lost more than 50% if their support and in most cased should be extracted.
Peridontal disease can also be staged: Stage 1 gingivitis, Stage 2 early peridontitis-less than 25% support loss, Stage 3 eatablished peridontitis-between 25-50% support less, Stage 4 advanced peridontitis-greater than 50% loss.
When peridontal disease is not treated, subgingival bacteria can continue to reproduce, creating deeper peridontal pockets through bone destruction. Eventually, this progression can cause tooth loss and other intermal medicine problems.
Home Care Products
Toothpaste and Brushing
Just as with your own teeth, nothing beats brushing. The fibers of the toothbrush are able to reach between teeth and under gums to pick out tiny deposits of food. A toothbrush acts as a tiny scrub brush for the closest possible cleaning.
Notice the shape of the canine and feline brushes and how they comform to a pet's mouth. You can use a humans toothbrush but you will probably find it difficult to manipulate in the pets mouth. Never use a human toothpaste as these contain sudsing agents that are not meant to be swallowed in quantity. Animal toothpaste come in pet-preferred flavors ( chicken, seafood and malt) in addition the more human-appreciated mint andall are expected to swallowed. Finger brushes are available and are smaller for puppies and kittens.
Studies have shown that brushing three times a week was adequate to maintain healthy teeth and gums but daily brushing was needed to control existing gingivitis.
Do's and don'ts of Brushing Your Pet's Teeth
Don't use human toothpaste on your pet.
Do use a toothbrush without any paste at first so that your pet may get used to the object in the mouth before having to contend with flavor.
Don't attempt to clean the inner surface of your pet's teeth. Natural saliva cleans the surface on its own.
Do try to perform dental home care at least once daily.
Don't perform dental hame care during the first week after a full dentistry in the hospital as your pet's gums may be tender.
Don't consider dental home care as an alternative to full dental cleaning if your pet has more advanced dental disease.
Call today to schedule your pet's dental exam!!!!